GOOML - Finding Optimization Opportunities for Geothermal Operations: Preprint

Paul Siratovich, Grant Buster, Nicole Taverna, Andrea Blair, Jon Weers, Michael Rossol, Jay Huggins

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Geothermal Operational Optimization with Machine Learning (GOOML) is a transferable and extensible component-based geothermal asset modeling framework that considers complex steamfield relationships and identifies optimization prospects using a data-driven approach. We have used this framework to develop digital twins that provide steamfield operators with an operational environment to analyze and understand historical and forecasted power production, explore new steamfield configuration possibilities, and seek optimal asset management for real world applications. The GOOML modeling software is built on a generic component-based systems framework that allows for both historical and forecast analysis. A GOOML model can perform historical data-assimilation using first-principal thermodynamics to create a meaningful data model. Historical production data can then be coupled with a forecast framework to train machine-learning models of steamfield components to predict future outputs. This modeling environment enables digital exploration of steamfield design configurations and operational scenarios. GOOML digital twins have been developed for steamfields in New Zealand and the United States representing differing power generation and field conditions. These digital twins have been validated by comparing hindcast predictions against historical production data. Reinforcement learning experiments were conducted to demonstrate the ability to programmatically explore the operations space using machine learning agents. Our initial results are compelling; two to five percent increases in annual energy production were demonstrated by the GOOML models with no additional infrastructure build required. GOOML offers a new approach to geothermal operations by applying state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms, comprehensive data analytics, and interaction with digital twins. Through application of these tools, operators will realize greater availability and higher net generation which will increase the cost effectiveness of geothermal energy projects.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages17
StatePublished - 2022
EventStanford Geothermal Workshop (SGW) - Stanford, California
Duration: 7 Feb 20229 Feb 2022


ConferenceStanford Geothermal Workshop (SGW)
CityStanford, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-6A20-80093


  • access
  • accessibility
  • big
  • collaboration
  • DAS
  • data
  • detection
  • discoverability
  • dissemination
  • DOE
  • drilling
  • DSS
  • DTS
  • GDR
  • geothermal
  • lake
  • OEDI
  • open
  • OpenEI
  • pipeline
  • PoroTomo
  • repository
  • seismic
  • standards
  • storage
  • transfer
  • translation
  • usability


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