Grand Challenges: Wind Energy Research Needs for a Global Energy Transition

Paul Veers, Katherine Dykes, Sukanta Basu, Alessandro Bianchini, Andrew Clifton, Peter Green, Hannele Holttinen, Lena Kitzing, Branko Kosovic, Julie Lundquist, Johan Meyers, Mark O'Malley, William Shaw, Bethany Straw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Wind energy is anticipated to play a central role in enabling a rapid transition from fossil fuels to a system based largely on renewable power. For wind power to fulfill its expected role as the backbone - providing nearly half of the electrical energy - of a renewable-based, carbon-neutral energy system, critical challenges around design, development, and deployment of land and offshore technologies must be addressed. During the past three years, the wind research community has invested significant effort toward understanding the nature and implications of these challenges and identifying associated gaps. The outcomes of these efforts are summarized in a series of ten articles, some under review by Wind Energy Science (WES) and others planned for submission during the coming months. This letter explains the genesis, significance, and impacts of these efforts.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
JournalWind Energy Science Discussions
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

See NREL/JA-4A00-85183 for final paper as published in Wind Energy Science

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5A00-82859


  • energy transition
  • Grand Challenges
  • research
  • wind energy


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