Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (Eighth Edition)

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Voluntary consumer decisions to purchase electricity supplied by renewable energy sources represent a powerful market support mechanism for renewable energy development. Beginning in the early 1990s, a small number of U.S. utilities began offering 'green power' options to their customers. Since then, these products have become more prevalent, both from utilities and in states that have introducedcompetition into their retail electricity markets. Today, more than 50% of all U.S. consumers have an option to purchase some type of green power product from a retail electricity provider. This report provides an overview of green power marketing activity in the United States. The first section provides an overview of green power markets, consumer response, and recent industry trends. Thesecond section provides brief descriptions of utility green pricing programs. The third section describes companies that actively market green power in competitive markets and those that market renewable energy certificates nationally or regionally. The final section provides information on a select number of large, nonresidential green power purchasers, including businesses, universities, andgovernment agencies.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages99
    StatePublished - 2005

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-620-38994


    • consumer response
    • electricity customers
    • energy industry trends
    • green power
    • green power marketing
    • green power products
    • RECS
    • renewable energy certificates
    • utilities
    • utility green pricing programs


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