Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report; Seventh Edition

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Voluntary consumer decisions to purchase electricity supplied from renewable energy sources represent a powerful market support mechanism for renewable energy development. Beginning in the early 1990s, a small number of U.S. utilities began offering 'green power' options to their customers. Since then, these products have become more prevalent both from utilities and in states that haveintroduced competition into their retail electricity markets. Today, more than 50% of all U.S. consumers have an option to purchase some type of green power product from a retail electricity provider. This report provides an overview of green power marketing activity in the United States. The first section provides an overview of green power markets, consumer response, and recent industry trends. Section 2 provides brief descriptions of the utility green pricing programs available nationally. Section 3 describes companies that actively market green power in competitive markets and those that market renewable energy certificates nationally or regionally. The last section provides information on a select number of large, nonresidential green power purchasers, including governmentalagencies, universities, and businesses.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages85
    StatePublished - 2004

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-620-36823


    • Blair Swezey
    • consumer response
    • electricity customers
    • energy industry trends
    • green power
    • green power marketing
    • green power products
    • null
    • RECS
    • renewable energy certificates
    • utilities
    • utility green pricing programs


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