Grid-Forming Wind: Getting Ready for Prime Time With and Without Inverters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus Citations


Variable wind power is one of the fastest-growing energy-generation technologies, harnessing the energy of wind, both on land and at sea. During the past decade, the global share of wind power has grown tremendously, and wind power is evolving into a major contributor to electricity supplies in many countries. In this journey, wind is also becoming a source of reliability services to the grid, which has required grid-supporting functions originally provided by synchronous generators, enabling very high levels of instantaneous penetration (ranging from 60 to 70% in some power systems). To get beyond this, a fundamental shift is required to address challenges associated with the transition to a grid with only a few remaining (or even without any) conventional synchronous generators while achieving a minimum acceptable level of stability.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Electrification Magazine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-81681


  • energy consumption
  • power system stability
  • renewable energy sources
  • synchronous generators
  • wind energy
  • wind energy generation
  • wind power generation


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