Growth and Characterization of Homoepitaxial ß-Ga2O3 Layers

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β-Ga2O3 is a next-generation ultra wide bandgap semiconductor (Eg = 4.8–4.9 eV) that can be homoepitaxially grown on commercial substrates, enabling next-generation power electronic devices among other important applications. Analyzing the quality of deposited homoepitaxial layers used in such devices is challenging, in part due to the large probing depth in traditional x-ray diffraction (XRD) and also due to the surface-sensitive nature of atomic force microscopy (AFM). Here, a combination of evanescent grazing-incidence skew asymmetric XRD and AFM are investigated as an approach to effectively characterize the quality of homoepitaxial β-Ga2O3 layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy at a variety of Ga/O flux ratios. Accounting for both structure and morphology, optimal films are achieved at a Ga/O ratio of ∼ 1.15, a conclusion that would not be possible to achieve by either XRD or AFM methods alone. Finally, fabricated Schottky barrier diodes with thicker homoepitaxial layers are characterized by J–V and C–V measurements, revealing an unintentional doping density of 4.3 × 1016 cm-3–2 × 1017 cm-3 in the epilayer. These results demonstrate the importance of complementary measurement methods for improving the quality of the β-Ga2O3 homoepitaxial layers used in power electronic and other devices.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number484002
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number48
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Institute of Physics Publishing. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-76395


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Gallium oxide
  • Molecular beam epitaxy
  • Schottky diode
  • X-ray diffraction


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