H2FIRST Reference Station Design Task: Project Deliverable 2-2

Jennifer Kurtz, Daniel Terlip, Joseph Pratt, Amgad Elgowainy

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report presents near-term station cost results and discusses cost trends of different station types. It compares various vehicle rollout scenarios and projects realistic near-term station utilization values using the station infrastructure rollout in California as an example. It describes near-term market demands and matches those to cost-effective station concepts. Finally, the report contains detailed designs for five selected stations, which include piping and instrumentation diagrams, bills of materials, and several site-specific layout studies that incorporate the setbacks required by NFPA 2, the National Fire Protection Association Hydrogen Technologies Code. This work presents the hydrogen community with a uniform, cost-optimal formula for designing and building hydrogen stations. The piping and instrumentation diagrams and bills of materials provided include a level of detail not previously reported publicly. Additionally, through this work the H2FIRST team has identified multiple areas where the design of stations and station networks can be further improved in the near term: component technology, codes and standards, and business practices.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages111
StatePublished - 2015

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-64107


  • codes and standards
  • H2USA
  • hydrogen
  • hydrogen fueling station
  • hydrogen infrastructure
  • technology validation


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