H2@Scale Analysis

Mark Ruth, Paige Jadun, Amgad Elgowaingy

Research output: NRELPresentation


The 'H2@Scale' concept focuses on the opportunity for hydrogen to be an energy intermediate like electricity that supports both production opportunities and demand applications. Hydrogen is complementary to electricity because of its inherent capability to be stored. It can also be produced easily from electricity and is fungible with a variety of applications. This presentation summarizes the H2@Scale analysis efforts performed during the latter half of 2018 and the first quarter of 2019. We analyzed the technical and economic potential for hydrogen. Our preliminary estimate of the maximum market size for hydrogen is 166 million metric tons (MMT) annually. The analysis shows sufficient wind and solar resources to meet that demand. Five economic potential scenarios are also presented. Their market sizes, prices, sources, and applications are estimated through development of national supply and demand curves and using them to estimate market equilibria. The resulting market size ranges from 14 MMT/yr to 48 MMT/yr. Analysis is underway to identify the lowest-cost delivery and storage options for those four scenarios. Additional proposed work focuses on developing regional fidelity and understanding potential opportunities for a transition from today's hydrogen market to one with H2@Scale.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages37
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the U.S. Department of Energy's 2019 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 29 April - 1 May 2019, Crystal City, Virginia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-73559


  • economic potential
  • fuel cell
  • H2@Scale
  • hydrogen
  • maximum market potential
  • technical potential


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