High Efficiency GaInP/GaAs Tandem Solar Cells

K. A. Bertness, D. J. Friedman, Sarah R. Kurtz, A. E. Kibbler, C. Kramer, J. M. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations


GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells have achieved new record efficiencies, specifically 25.7% under air-mass 0 (AMO) illumination, 29.5% under AM 1.5 global (AM1.5G) illumination, and 30.2% at 140-180x concentration under AM 1.5 direct (AM1.5D) illumination. These values are the highest two- terminal efficiencies achieved by any solar cell under these illumination conditions. The monolithic, series-connected design of the tandem cells allows them to be substituted for silicon or gallium arsenide cells in photovoltaic panel systems with minimal design Changes. The advantages of using GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells in space and terrestrial applications are discussed primarily in terms of the reduction in balance-of-system costs that accrues when using a higher efficiency cell. The new efficiency values represent a significant improvement over previous efficiencies for this materials system, and we identify grid design, back interface passivation, and top interface passivation as the three key factors leading to this improvement. In producing the high-efficiency cells, we have addressed nondestructive diagnostics and materials growth reproducibility as well as peak cell performance.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-451-7173


Dive into the research topics of 'High Efficiency GaInP/GaAs Tandem Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this