High-Fidelity Heavy-Duty Vehicle Modeling Using Sparse Telematics Data: SAE Technical Paper No. 2022-01-0527

Kyle Carow, Nathaniel Cantwell, Andrej Ivanco, Jake Holden, Chad Baker, Eric Miller, Zachary Asher

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Scopus Citations


Heavy-duty commercial vehicles consume a significant amount of energy due to their large size and mass, directly leading to vehicle operators prioritizing energy efficiency to reduce operational costs and comply with environmental regulations. One tool that can be used for the evaluation of energy efficiency in heavy-duty vehicles is the evaluation of energy efficiency using vehicle modeling and simulation. Simulation provides a path for energy efficiency improvement by allowing rapid experimentation of different vehicle characteristics on fuel consumption without the need for costly physical prototyping. The research presented in this paper focuses on using real-world, sparsely sampled telematics data from a large fleet of heavy-duty vehicles to create high-fidelity models for simulation. Samples in the telematics dataset are collected sporadically, resulting in sparse data with an infrequent and irregular sampling rate. Captured in the dataset was geospatial information, time series measurements, and vehicle-specific metadata from a subset of 96 vehicles from varied geographic regions across North America. A series of custom algorithms was developed to process vehicle data and derive both vehicle model input parameters and representative drive cycles. Derived models provide a basis on which to simulate real-world vehicles and iterate on vehicle aerodynamics, auxiliary power loads, transmission shift schedules, and other parameters to achieve reduced fuel consumption and increase energy efficiency. Notably, these models were developed without the use of expensive field data collection, using only data collected through fleet telematics. Processed representative drive cycles are used to validate the fuel economy of derived models. The models developed through this research allow for more representative vehicle simulations with increased flexibility regarding vehicle-to-vehicle variations.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2022
EventWCX SAE World Congress Experience - Detroit, Michigan
Duration: 5 Apr 20227 Apr 2022


ConferenceWCX SAE World Congress Experience
CityDetroit, Michigan

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-82965


  • auxiliary power units
  • commercial vehicles
  • data acquisition and handling
  • energy conservation
  • fuel consumption
  • fuel economy
  • mathematical models
  • simulation and modeling
  • simulators
  • vehicle to vehicle


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