High-Performance Hydrogen Production and Oxidation Electrodes with Hydrogenase Supported on Metallic Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube Networks

Drazenka Svedruzic, Jeffrey Blackburn, Robert Tenent, John-David Rocha, Todd Vinzant, Michael Heben, Paul King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus Citations

Abstract

We studied the electrocatalytic activity of an [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium acetobutylicum (CaH2ase) immobilized on single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks. SWNT networks were prepared on carbon cloth by ultrasonic spraying of suspensions with predetermined ratios of metallic and semiconducting nanotubes. Current densities for both proton reduction and hydrogen oxidation electrocatalytic activities were at least 1 order of magnitude higher when hydrogenase was immobilized onto SWNT networks with high metallic tube (m-SWNT) content in comparison to hydrogenase supported on networks with low metallic tube content or when SWNTs were absent. We conclude that the increase in electrocatalytic activities in the presence of SWNTs was mainly due to the m-SWNT fraction and can be attributed to (i) substantial increases in the active electrode surface area, and (ii) improved electronic coupling between CaH2ase redox-active sites and the electrode surface.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4299-4306
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume133
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2011

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-48387

Keywords

  • hydrogen production
  • hydrogenases

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