Household Energy Burden in Lawrence, Massachusetts: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Communities LEAP

Mayukh Datta, Natasha Musalem

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The City of Lawrence consists of 18 census tracts, of those, 9 census tracts have an average energy burden (the percent of income spent on energy bills) of 6% or greater. The Lawrence Stakeholders Coalition's (LSC) main goal is to "Reduce energy burden and create well-paying local jobs and businesses by increasing the distribution and use of sustainable technologies such as heat pumps, community and rooftop solar, and weatherization." As part of that goal, the LSC is interested in understanding Lawrence's pathway to electrification, specifically through the building sector. This technical assistance aims to assist the LSC's electrification and energy burden reduction planning by: 1) Identifying the most energy-burdened households by owner-occupied and renter-occupied housing status; 2) Identifying and quantifying the characteristics of the most energy-burdened housing units by housing type, age, and heating fuel type; 3) Identifying the tenure and housing types of the most energy-burdened and prevalent households for subsequent ResStock analysis of cost-effective efficiency upgrades.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages44
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-7A40-88691

Other Report Number

  • DOE/GO-102024-6165


  • C-LEAP
  • energy burden
  • household
  • Lawrence
  • Low-Income Energy Affordability Data (LEAD) Tool
  • Massachusetts


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