Household Energy Efficiency Analysis for Duluth, Minnesota

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


Many households in the Duluth, Minnesota, could save hundreds of dollars annually on their energy bills and reduce carbon emissions with energy efficiency retrofits and upgrades in their homes and apartments. As part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Communities LEAP (Local Energy Action Program) pilot, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) analyzed energy efficiency and electrification upgrades for about 39,000 housing units in Duluth.
Original languageAmerican English
PublisherNational Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Number of pages3
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5500-88529

Other Report Number

  • DOE/GO-102024-6150


  • Communities LEAP
  • Duluth
  • electrification
  • energy
  • energy burden
  • energy justice
  • technical assistance


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