How Equation of State Selection Impacts Accuracy Near the Critical Point: Forced Convection Supercritical CO2 Flow Over a Cylinder

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Abstract

Increasing application of supercritical fluids leads to increased use of numerical simulations to guide designs. However, the impact of Equations of State (EoS) selection on computational cost and accuracy is not well understood. Laminar flow around a heated cylinder is used as a test case. A robust matrix of 99-simulations is used to analyze the flow of carbon dioxide just above the critical point at the isobaric condition of 8 MPa and temperatures between 305 and 390 K. Four EoS were studied: Ideal Gas Law, cubic EoS's Peng-Robinson and Soave-Redlich-Kwong, and the Span-Wagner EoS. Results were identical for isothermal cases, but for heated or cooled cases, the high-fidelity Span-Wagner EoS simulations presented drastically different wake structures. Compared to the high-fidelity SW EoS, cEoS's underestimated Nu values by up to 38% and cEoS's underestimated CD values by 18–42%. The Span-Wagner EoS required only 17% more computation time then the cubic EoS simulations, making the Span-Wagner EoS recommended for engineering design.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number105141
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume171
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2C00-76810

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Equation of state
  • Heat transfer
  • Numerical analysis
  • Supercritical Phase

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