How Many Offshore Wind Turbines Does New England Need? Article No. e1969

Hannah Livingston, Julie Lundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus Citations


The proliferation of countries and regions with 100% clean or renewable energy targets necessitates an analysis to determine the number of generating units and storage needed to meet real-time electricity demand on the electric grid. The coastal areas of New England have the capacity to produce a large percentage of the region's energy needs with offshore wind turbines. Here we model offshore wind turbine power production data using MERRA-2 reanalysis and lidar wind speed data sets. We compare this power production to the New England hourly grid demand over the course of one year. 2,000 10 MW offshore wind turbines could satisfy New England's grid demand for about 37% of the year. When combined with 55 GWh of storage, 2,000 turbines could satisfy grid demand for about 72% of the year.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
JournalMeteorological Applications
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-77226


  • electrical demand
  • grid
  • lidar
  • modeling
  • New England
  • offshore wind energy
  • reanalysis
  • renewable energy
  • storage
  • wind energy


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