How Should Researchers Measure Perovskite-Based Monolithic Multijunction Solar Cells' Performance? A Calibration Lab's Perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Perovskite multijunctions (PVSK MJs) have made remarkable progress with monolithic PVSK/PVSK tandems surpassing the efficiency of single-junction (1 J) PVSK cells and PVSK/Si cells reported to exceed the 30% efficiency mark. These efficiencies are reported at standard test conditions (STC), established by the photovoltaic (PV) community to facilitate comparison between devices and technologies. Herein, it is discussed why an accurate STC performance measurement for a MJ is more complicated than for a 1 J cell and the special aspects to be considered when measuring the current–voltage characteristics and the performance of PVSK-containing MJ cells are emphasized. It is discussed why a spectrally adjustable solar simulator is needed and the sequence of accurate performance measurement, namely measurement of the spectral response of each junction, adjustment of the spectrum, and appropriate protocols for measuring the power output of the device at STC, is presented. For all these, common errors and pitfalls that sometime lead to misleading interpretation of the results are presented, and the methods to evaluate the accuracy of the data when a spectrally adjustable solar simulator is not available are recommended. Finally, first step is taken toward recommending performance measurement approaches when high throughput is required as will eventually be in a production line.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2200800
Number of pages15
JournalSolar RRL
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-84042

Keywords

  • multijunction solar cells
  • performance calibration
  • perovskites
  • perovskites
  • quantum efficiency
  • silicon
  • spectral irradiance
  • tandem

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'How Should Researchers Measure Perovskite-Based Monolithic Multijunction Solar Cells' Performance? A Calibration Lab's Perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this