Hybrid Communication Architectures for Distributed Smart Grid Applications

Jianhua Zhang, Adarsh Hasandka, Jin Wei, S. M. Shafiul Alam, Tarek Elgindy, Anthony R. Florita, Bri Mathias Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus Citations


Wired and wireless communications both play an important role in the blend of communications technologies necessary to enable future smart grid communications. Hybrid networks exploit independent mediums to extend network coverage and improve performance. However, whereas individual technologies have been applied in simulation networks, as far as we know there is only limited attention that has been paid to the development of a suite of hybrid communication simulation models for the communications system design. Hybrid simulation models are needed to capture the mixed communication technologies and IP address mechanisms in one simulation. To close this gap, we have developed a suite of hybrid communication system simulation models to validate the critical system design criteria for a distributed solar Photovoltaic (PV) communications system, including a single trip latency of 300 ms, throughput of 9.6 Kbps, and packet loss rate of 1%. The results show that three low-power wireless personal area network (LoWPAN)-based hybrid architectures can satisfy three performance metrics that are critical for distributed energy resource communications.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number871
Number of pages16
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-71447


  • Distributed smart grid applications
  • Ethernet
  • Hybrid communication architecture
  • LoWPAN
  • NS3 simulator
  • PLC
  • Smart grid communication
  • WiFi Mesh
  • WiMAX


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