Hydrogel-Assisted Self-Healing of Biomineralized Living Building Materials: Article No. 138178

E. Delesky, R. Jones, S. Cook, Jeffrey Cameron, M. Hubler, W. Srubar III

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Living building materials (LBMs) are an emergent class of structural materials that leverage the biomineralization capability of microorganisms within sand-hydrogel scaffolds to produce living, load-bearing structures. In this study, we produced LBMs using a physically crosslinkable sand-hydrogel scaffold and two microorganisms with different biomineralization pathways - Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (photosynthetic) and S. pasteurii (ureolytic) - and investigated their self-healing capacity. Our results reveal that both Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 and S. pasteurii demonstrated exceptional viability within all LBMs for more than 20 days. Damaged LBMs containing Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 exhibited 103% and 112% of their original compressive and flexural strengths, respectively, after three days of healing at 50% relative humidity (RH) (i.e., ambient conditions). In contrast, LBMs containing S. pasteurii exhibited 71% and 66% of their original compressive and flexural strengths, respectively, after three days of healing at 50% RH. The compressive and flexural strengths of all LBMs rebounded to 93-100% after seven days of healing at 50% RH. Data substantiate that the self-healing ability of the hydrogel plays a critical role in facilitating healing of LBMs, as evidenced by the 82-118% rebounds in compressive and flexural strengths by the sand-hydrogel scaffold alone after three or seven days of healing at 50% RH. Healing was less effective at 100% RH for all LBMs investigated herein.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume418
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2800-87174

Keywords

  • biomineralization
  • engineered living materials
  • living building materials
  • microbial-induced calcium carbonate precipitation
  • self-healing

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