Hydrogen 101: Frequently Asked Questions About Hydrogen for Decarbonization

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Hydrogen is emerging across the world as a potential low-carbon energy carrier that can provide an alternative to fossil fuels. With the increasing deployment of renewable energy, the role of low-carbon power generation in hydrogen production through electrolysis is expected to increase. Hydrogen can also play a role in reducing carbon emissions in several strategic sectors such as chemicals, iron, steel, and long-haul transport like heavy-duty trucks and shipping. As a result of these possibilities, many countries have included hydrogen as a central part of their energy strategies. This growing interest has led to many questions among various stakeholders, including policymakers, planners, regulators, system operators, utilities, and investors. This fact sheet provides answers to some of the most frequently asked questions related to hydrogen production, transportation, storage, cross-sectoral utilization, and its role in power sector decarbonization.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A40-82554


  • decarbonization
  • grid integration
  • hydrogen


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