Hydrogen Monitoring Requirements in the Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles

William Buttner, Matthew Post, Lois Boon-Brett, Kevin Hartmann, Max Bubar, L. Bloomfield, Pietro Moretto, Eveline Weidner, Carl Rivkin, Robert Burgess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus Citations


The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Global Technical Regulation (GTR) Number 13 (Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles) is the defining document regulating safety requirements in hydrogen vehicles, and in particular, fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). GTR Number 13 has been formally adopted and will serve as the basis for the national regulatory standards for FCEV safety in North America (led by the United States), Japan, Korea, and the European Union. The GTR defines safety requirements for these vehicles, including specifications on the allowable hydrogen levels in vehicle enclosures during in-use and post-crash conditions and on the allowable hydrogen emissions levels in vehicle exhaust during certain modes of normal operation. However, in order to be incorporated into national regulations, that is, to be legally binding, methods to verify compliance with the specific requirements must exist. In a collaborative program, the Sensor Laboratories at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the United States and the Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport in the Netherlands have been evaluating and developing analytical methods that can be used to verify compliance with the hydrogen release requirements as specified in the GTR.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)7664-7671
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number11
StatePublished - 16 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-66678


  • Fuel cell vehicle
  • Global technical regulation
  • Hydrogen sensors
  • Safety


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