Hydrogen Production via Catalytic Steam Reforming of Fast Pyrolysis Oil Fractions

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Hydrogen is the prototype of the environmentally cleanest fuel of interest for power generation using fuel cells, and as a co-adjuvant or autonomous transportation fuel in internal combustion engines. The conversion of biomass to hydrogen can be carried out through two distinct thermochemical strategies: (a) gasification followed by shift conversion: (b) catalytic steam reforming and shiftconversion of specific fractions derived from fast pyrolysis and aqueous/steam processes of biomass. This paper shows that fast pyrolysis of biomass results in a bio-oil that can be adequately fractionated into valuable co-products leaving a by-product an aqueous fraction containing soluble organics (a mixture of alcohols, aldehydes and acids). This fraction can be converted to hydrogen bycatalytic steam reforming followed by a shift conversion step. The methods used, the yields obtained and their economic significance will be discussed.
Original languageAmerican English
PagesVol. 1: 845-854
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 1997
Event3rd Biomass Conference of the Americas - Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Duration: 24 Aug 199729 Aug 1997


Conference3rd Biomass Conference of the Americas
CityMontreal, Quebec, Canada

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-570-24325


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