Identification of Life Models for Li-Ion Batteries Using Penalized Regression and Bilevel Optimization

Research output: NRELPresentation


Reduced-order physics-based life models are extremely useful for rapidly predicting battery state-of-health and for simulating battery lifetime in arbitrary aging conditions. However, identification of well-parameterized models is difficult. This is because, for maximum usefulness in predicting lifetime under a variety of conditions, aging test data exhibits many degradation mechanisms, which all need to be accurately modeled. However, because aging tests are time-consuming and expensive, especially for large-format batteries, a minimum of tests are conducted while probing many stress factors. Building a well-parameterized model is then very challenging: an under-parameterized model will neglect critical degradation modes, and an over-parameterized model will extrapolate poorly to new testing conditions. To complicate this matter, the functional form of the model for any individual degradation rate can be very difficult to identify. In this work, the statistical tools of penalized regression and bilevel optimization are used to help identify both the functional forms of and optimize the parameters of reduced-order life models, accelerating identification of robust models. Model robustness is demonstrated through traditional statistics methods of cross-validation and sensitivity analysis, uncertainty quantification through bootstrap resampling and Monte-Carlo simulation, and simulation of real-world use cases.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages33
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamePresented at ECS PRiME 2020, 4-9 October 2020, Honolulu, Hawaii

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-77973


  • degradation modeling
  • lithium-Ion batteries
  • machine learning
  • uncertainty quantification


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