Identifying DQ-Domain Admittance Models of a 2.3-MVA Commercial Grid-Following Inverter Via Frequency-Domain and Time-Domain Data

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12 Scopus Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present two methods to identify the admittance of a 2.3-MVA commercial grid-following inverter through frequency-domain data and time-domain data. In addition to the well-known harmonic injection method to obtain the admittance at frequency points followed by vector fitting, we adopt a step response-based method where the step response data of the converter are collected and their $s$-domain expressions are obtained. In turn, the $s$-domain admittance model of the converter is found. The two methods can be used for cross validation. Step responses and frequency-domain responses obtained from the two methods are compared. Results show that the time-domain data-based method leads to an admittance comparable with that from the frequency-domain measurement in the range less than 60 Hz. In addition, two insights are obtained from the frequency-domain admittance measurements. First, when the $dq$-frame is aligned to the point of common coupling (PCC) voltage, the per unit DQ-domain admittance directly reflects operating conditions. Second, existence of negative-sequence control can be detected via sequence-domain admittances.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number9311808
Pages (from-to)2463-2472
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1986-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-79012

Keywords

  • Admittance
  • Frequency scan
  • Grid-following inverter
  • System identification

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