Identifying Electric Vehicles to Best Serve University Fleet Needs and Support Sustainability Goals

Sarah Booth, Jesse Bennett, Matthew Helm, Devin Arnold, Bridget Baker, Remmy Clay, Mary Till, Ted Sears

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


University fleets represent an enticing opportunity to explore the near-term feasibility of achieving net-zero-carbon emissions in transportation. In many instances, universities operate much like a small, self-contained ecosystem with all the same transportation needs as a larger municipality, but with a smaller geographic footprint. Their fleets often include a wide variety of vehicle types serving the campus, including low-speed vehicles (e.g., golf carts), light-duty sedans, SUVs, and pickups, as well as medium-duty trucks and delivery vehicles. The mix of vehicle and operational needs combined with broader activities related to net-zero campuses makes universities and colleges unique microcosms to determine the feasibility of and path to achieving net-zero fleets. As the availability of electric drivetrains expands beyond light-duty sedans, fleets need to understand when it will be operationally and financially appropriate to start adding electric drivetrains to their fleets. To better understand these opportunities, NREL contracted Sawatch Labs to analyze the role electric vehicles (EVs) can have in helping universities meet net-zero emissions and fleet sustainability goals they have instituted.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages40
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-81596


  • electric vehicle infrastructure
  • electric vehicle supply equipment
  • electric vehicles
  • EPAct
  • EVs
  • university fleets
  • university sustainability


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