Impact of Biodiesel Impurities on the Performance and Durability of DOC, DPF and SCR Technologies: Preprint

Aaron Williams

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


An accelerated durability test method determined the potential impact of biodiesel ash impurities, including engine testing with multiple diesel particulate filter substrate types, as well as diesel oxidation catalyst and selective catalyst reduction catalysts. The results showed no significant degradation in the thermo-mechanical properties of a DPF after exposure to 150,000-mile equivalentbiodiesel ash and thermal aging. However, exposure to 435,000-mile equivalent aging resulted in a 69% decrease in thermal shock resistance. A decrease in DOC activity was seen after exposure to 150,000-mile equivalent aging, resulting in higher hydrocarbon slip and a reduction in NO2 formation. The SCR catalyst experienced a slight loss in activity after exposure to 435,000-mile equivalent aging. The SCR catalyst, placed downstream of the DPF and exposed to B20 exhaust suffered a 5% reduction in overall NOx conversion activity over the HDDT test cycle. It is estimated that the additional ash from 150,000 miles of biodiesel use would also result in a moderate increases in exhaust backpressure for a DPF. The results of this study suggest that long-term operation with B20 at the currentspecification limits for alkali and alkaline earth metal impurities will adversely impact the performance of DOC, DPF and SCR systems.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages23
StatePublished - 2011
EventSAE 2011 World Congress - Detroit, Michigan
Duration: 12 Apr 201114 Apr 2011


ConferenceSAE 2011 World Congress
CityDetroit, Michigan

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-50297


  • biodiesel
  • biodiesel ash
  • emission control durability
  • engine testing


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