Impact of Increased Electric Vehicle Use on Battery Recycling Infrastructure

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    State and Federal regulations have been implemented that are intended to encourage more widespread use of low-emission vehicles. These regulations include requirements of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and regulations pursuant to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and the Energy Policy Act. If the market share of electric vehicles increases in response to these initiatives,corresponding growth will occur in quantities of spent electric vehicle batteries for disposal. Electric vehicle battery recycling infrastructure must be adequate to support collection, transportation, recovery, and disposal stages of waste battery handling. For some battery types, such as lead-acid, a recycling infrastructure is well established; for others, little exists. This paper examinesimplications of increasing electric vehicle use for lead recovery infrastructure. Secondary lead recovery facilities can be expected to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead-acid electric vehicle battery recycling. However, they face stringent environmental constraints that may curtail capacity use or new capacity installation. Advanced technologies help address these environmentalconstraints. For example, this paper describes using backup power to avoid air emissions that could occur if electric utility power outages disable emissions control equipment. This approach has been implemented by GNB Technologies, a major manufacturer and recycler of lead-acid batteries. Secondary lead recovery facilities appear to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead waste from electricvehicles, but growth in that capacity could be constrained by environmental regulations. Advances in lead recovery technologies may alleviate possible environmental constraints on capacity growth.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages17
    StatePublished - 1997
    Event8th International Seminar on Battery Waste Management - Boca Raton, Florida
    Duration: 28 Oct 199630 Oct 1996


    Conference8th International Seminar on Battery Waste Management
    CityBoca Raton, Florida

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-460-21843

    Other Report Number

    • SAND-96-2461C


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