Impact of Li-Ion Battery Recycling on the Supply Chain

Research output: NRELPresentation


With the increasing demand of the lithium ion batteries (LIB), it is expected that supply of some critical metals used in Li-ion batteries such as cobalt and lithium will fall short in the near-term, or their prices could increase significantly in response to the high demand. Besides increasing mining and production activities, we believe that a closed-loop system with recycling at the end-of-life provides a pathway to lower environmental impacts and a source of high value materials that can be used in producing new batteries. This presentation reviews the current state of the LIB manufacturing supply chain, discuses evolution and supply chain issues for cathode and anode materials, addresses some issues associated with battery end-of-life, and sheds light on the importance of LIB recycling from the environmental and value chain perspectives. This presentation also discusses the expected benefits of recycling on the global LIB supply chain.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages31
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2018 Cobalt Institute Annual Conference, 23-24 May 2018, Las Vegas, Nevada

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-71610


  • batteries
  • Li-ion
  • recycling
  • supply chain


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