Impacts of Increasing Electrification on State Fleet Operations and Charging Demand

Sarah Booth, Jesse Bennett, Matthew Helm, Devin Arnold, Bridget Baker, Remmy Clay, Mary Till, Ted Sears

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


State fleets represent an enticing opportunity to explore the near-term feasibility of fleet electrification. In many instances, state fleet operations encompass a wide geographic area with fleet locations for many vehicles. Serving these wide areas will require a significant amount of energy and, in the case of electric vehicles (EVs), a significant level of charging power. The peak demand as a result of this charging demand is of interest for fleets, with impacts on both utility bills and installation costs ranking among some of the greatest concerns. The combination of a wide operational area and multiple fleet locations positions state fleets as ideal candidates to understand the impacts of vehicle charging on fleet operations. As the availability of electric drivetrains expands beyond light-duty sedans, fleets need to understand when it will be appropriate operationally and financially to start adding electric drivetrains to their fleets. Throughout this process, it will also be important to understand the charging implications of fleet electrification and the resulting impacts to facility electrical systems. To better understand these considerations, NREL contracted Sawatch Labs to analyze the role that increasing state fleet electrification may have on the charging demand at fleet parking facilities.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages29
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-81595


  • charging demand
  • electric vehicle infrastructure
  • electric vehicle supply equipment
  • electric vehicles
  • EPAct
  • EVs
  • state fleets


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