Impacts of Renewable Energy and Green Hydrogen Policies on Uttar Pradesh's Power Sector Future

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report is part of a broader program focused on supporting Indian states with long-term power system planning. More information about this program can be found at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's "Supporting India's States With Renewable Energy Integration" web page at The power sector in Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, is poised to transform over the next few decades due to a combination of national and state-level policies impacting both the supply and demand of electricity. The Government of Uttar Pradesh has policies and plans to develop in-state solar PV, pumped storage hydropower, and green hydrogen. Power system policymakers and utilities in Uttar Pradesh are faced with the challenges of planning a system that incorporates increasing amounts of renewable energy and storage resources, meets rising electricity demand due to economic development and green hydrogen production, and satisfies operational and reliability requirements. To support these various objectives, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), RMI, and the Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) evaluated the least-cost pathways for the state's power sector through 2050. NREL developed a capacity expansion model that identifies investment and operational decisions for every year (2024-2050) for all of India, with detailed representation for the state of Uttar Pradesh, which can provide a framework for recurring planning studies. The main insights from this study can also help inform policy development and investment decisions.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages56
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5R00-88515


  • capacity expansion modeling
  • Children's Investment Fund Foundation
  • green hydrogen
  • grid systems
  • hydrogen
  • India
  • power system modeling
  • power systems
  • pumped storage hydropower policy
  • ReEDS
  • solar PV policy
  • Uttar Pradesh


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