Impacts of Voltage-Based Grid Support Functions on Energy Production of PV Customers

Julieta Giraldez Miner, Michael Emmanuel, Anderson Hoke, Siddharth Suryanarayanan

Research output: NRELPoster


This paper presents the impact of inverter grid- support functions (GSFs) on photovoltaic (PV) customer energy production on a real distribution feeder in Oahu, HI. These autonomous GSFs based on local voltage measurements are good alternatives to increase PV hosting capacity. However, these functions can result in PV energy curtailment to the customer, and this study addresses the concerns about the impact of inverter GSFs through detailed quasi-static time series (QSTS) simulations. It proposes four metrics: maximum and average GSF curtailment, average increased generation and average net generation change, to assess the impact of a given control on PV systems located on customer sites. It was found that curtailment of PV production is negligible for customers where peak voltage is within ANSI C84.1 range. A reliable relationship between curtailment and peak customer voltage is demonstrated, suggesting that peak voltage could be used as an indicator of customer curtailment.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2019 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 4-8 August 2019, Atlanta, Georgia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5D00-74443


  • energy
  • grid support
  • photovoltaic
  • production
  • PV
  • voltage


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