Improved Inertial Control for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator Wind Turbine Generators

Eduard Muljadi, Vahan Gevorgian, Ziping Wu, Wenzhong Gao, Xiao Wang, Moses Kang, Min Hwang, Yong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus Citations


With increasing integrations of large-scale systems based on permanent magnet synchronous generator wind turbine generators (PMSG-WTGs), the overall inertial response of a power system will tend to deteriorate as a result of the decoupling of rotor speed and grid frequency through the power converter as well as the scheduled retirement of conventional synchronous generators. Thus, PMSG-WTGs can provide value to an electric grid by contributing to the system's inertial response through the inherent kinetic energy stored in their rotating masses and fast power converter control. In this study, an improved inertial control method based on the maximum power point tracking operation curve is introduced to enhance the overall frequency support capability of PMSG-WTGs in the case of large supply-demand imbalances. Moreover, this method is implemented in the CART2-PMSG integrated model in MATLAB/Simulink to investigate its impact on the wind turbine's structural loads during the inertial response process. Simulation results indicate that the proposed method can effectively reduce the frequency nadir, arrest the rate of change of frequency, and alleviate the secondary frequency dip while imposing no negative impact on the major mechanical components of the wind turbine.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1366-1373
Number of pages8
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-66544


  • inertial control
  • permanent magnet synchronous generator
  • PMSG
  • wind turbine generators
  • WTG


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