Improved Stability and Cyclability of Ceramic Solid Electrolyte by Coating Polymer

Chun Sheng Jiang, Harvey Guthrey, Chuanxiao Xiao, Mowafak Al-Jassim, Natalie Seitzman, Chunmei Ban, Yanli Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Rechargeable all-solid-state lithium (Li) metal batteries show improved safety and energy density compared to commercial Li-ion batteries using liquid electrolyte. As the key component of Li metal batteries, ceramic solid-state electrolyte has attracted great interest because of its high ion conductivity and great potential in interfacing with Li metal. Ceramic electrolyte has a more stable interface with Li metal than liquid electrolyte, but chemical reaction and Li dendrite growth at the electrolyte/Li interface are still significant, which causes device degradation and failure by cycling of Li plating and stripping. Unlike ceramic electrolyte, polymer electrolyte has a relatively stable interface with Li metal and better mechanical flexibility. Therefore, we introduced a polymer electrolyte coating to protect the ceramic electrolyte from direct contact with Li metal. The galvanotactic cycling Li plating/striping data on the devices with (without) the coating illustrates increased (decreased) overall conductivity and cyclability of the test cell by the cycling. Nanometer-scale ionic-transport imaging, based on atomic force microscopy, shows that cycling degrades the ceramic-only electrolyte by partially blocking ionic transport in areas; in contrast, cycling on the polymer-coated electrolyte improves ionic conductivity. Compared with the ceramic-only electrolyte, this novel polymer electrolyte coating on ceramic electrolyte shows less degradation when in contact with Li metal.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number020519
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume167
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Electrochemical Society ("ECS"). Published on behalf of ECS by IOP Publishing Limited.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-76018

Keywords

  • ceramic
  • polymer
  • solid-state lithium-ion battery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Improved Stability and Cyclability of Ceramic Solid Electrolyte by Coating Polymer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this