Improved Stability in ECR-Deposited a-Si Solar Cells

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    We report on fabrication, properties and stability of a-Si:H and a-(Si,Ge):H solar cells made using remote low pressure ECR deposition. We have fabricated both substrate and superstrate type solar cells. We can make solar cells with high fill factors in both geometries, but the voltages are higher with substrate-type solar cells than with superstrate type cells. Special problems related todiffusion of B have to be solved in superstrate cells because the deposition is done at higher temperatures (350-375 deg C). Several novel p-layer grading schemes and buffer layers which allow us to fabricate these types of cells are described. The substrate cells were made with both H-ECR and He-ECR discharges. We find that while the cells prepared with He discharge have lower H concentration,and lower H content, they are less stable than cells prepared using H2 discharges. The stability of cells was measured using ELH and xenon lamps, and compared with the stability of cells made using standard glow discharge techniques. We find that the cells prepared using H2-ECR discharges are more stable than standard glow discharge cells with comparable fill factors, voltages and thicknesses ofi layers. We also report on a new type of graded a-(Si,Ge):H cell, which appears to show improved stability.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages4
    StatePublished - 1996
    EventTwenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - Washington, D.C.
    Duration: 13 May 199617 May 1996


    ConferenceTwenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
    CityWashington, D.C.

    Bibliographical note

    Work performed by Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-22507


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