Improving Photostability of Cesium-Doped Formamidinium Lead Triiodide Perovskite

Anthony Donakowski, D. Miller, Nicholas Anderson, Anthony Ruth, Erin Sanehira, Joseph Berry, Michael Irwin, Angus Rockett, K. Steirer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus Citations


Using time-resolved in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we identify and suppress rapid degradation mechanisms for cesium-stabilized formamidinium lead iodide perovskite materials used in state-of-the-art photovoltaics. Accelerated degradation under high light intensity and heating reveals a photocatalytic reaction pathway responsible for rapid decomposition in iodide-rich compositions and a slower pathway for more stoichiometric samples. Using Avrami-Erofe'ev kinetic analysis, we find that the fast process is consistent with a 2D crystallization and growth mechanism fueled by excess halide salt at grain boundaries and surfaces. Moreover, the rate of decomposition varies dramatically with the wavelength of light used to illuminate the thin films. Our results reveal the photodegradation mechanisms of PbI2 and excess iodide and provide a path to increasing perovskite stability under photoexcitation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)574-580
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - 12 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-78708


  • metal halide perovskites
  • perovskite
  • photostability
  • photovoltaic


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