In-situ Curvature Monitoring and X-Ray Diffraction Study of InGaAsP/InGaP Quantum Wells

Islam E.H. Sayed, Nikhil Jain, Myles A. Steiner, John F. Geisz, Pat Dippo, Darius Kuciauskas, Peter C. Colter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus Citations


The use of InGaAsP/InGaP quantum well structures is a promising approach for subcells in next generation multi-junction devices due to their tunable bandgap (1.50–1.80 eV) and for being aluminum-free. Despite these potentials, the accumulation of stress during the growth of these structures and high background doping in the quantum well region have previously limited the maximum number of quantum wells and barriers that can be included in the intrinsic region and the sub-bandgap external quantum efficiency to less than 30.0%. In this paper, we report on the use of in-situ curvature monitoring by multi-beam optical stress (MOS) sensor measurements during the growth of this quantum well structure to monitor the stress evolution in these thin films. A series of In0.32Ga0.68AsP/In0.49Ga0.51P quantum wells with various arsine to phosphine ratios have been analyzed by in-situ curvature monitoring and X-ray diffraction (XRD) to obtain nearly strain-free lattice matched structures. Sharp interfaces, as indicated by the XRD fringes, have been achieved by using triethyl-gallium and trimethyl-gallium as gallium precursors in InGaAsP and InGaP, respectively, with constant flows of trimethyl-indium and phosphine through the entire quantum well structure. The effect of the substrate miscut on quantum well growth was compared and analyzed using XRD, photoluminescence and time resolved photoluminescence. A 100 period quantum well device was successfully grown with minimal stress and approximately flat in-situ curvature.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-68858


  • A3. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
  • A3. Quantum wells
  • B2. Semiconducting gallium arsenide
  • B2. Semiconducting III-V materials
  • B2. Semiconducting indium gallium phosphide
  • B3. Solar cells


Dive into the research topics of 'In-situ Curvature Monitoring and X-Ray Diffraction Study of InGaAsP/InGaP Quantum Wells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this