Incorporating Energy Justice Throughout Clean-Energy R&D5 in the United States: A Review of Outcomes and Opportunities: Article No. 100018

Bettina Arkhurst, Wendy Hawthorne, Isa Ferrall-Wolf, Katherine Fu, Kate Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that a successful clean-energy transition is instrumental to climate change mitigation. However, clean-energy researchers and engineers rarely address the degree to which the success and consequences of the transition depend on its incorporation of equity and justice principles. In this review, we draw on inter-related literatures to discuss failures resulting from equity-myopic approaches to clean-energy research, development, demonstration, deployment, dispatch, and disposal (R&D5) and explore opportunities, tools, and frameworks for energy practitioners to employ when attempting to incorporate justice into their work. We find that opportunities to incorporate energy justice are greatest at the earliest stages of the R&D5 continuum. As inequities persist into later stages of R&D5, they may lead to maladaptive technology development and the inequitable impacts thereof. We thereby articulate how embedding principles of energy justice throughout R&D5 not only enables a successful clean-energy transition but also ensures that the transition is sustainable.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
JournalCell Reports Sustainability
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-7A40-85421

Keywords

  • clean-energy research and development
  • energy equity
  • energy justice
  • equity-myopic
  • inequity lock-in
  • maladaptive technologies

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