Indium Zinc Oxide Mediated Wafer Bonding for III-V/Si Tandem Solar Cells

Adele Tamboli, Marinus Van Hest, Myles Steiner, Pauls Stradins, Kelsey Horowitz, Michael Woodhouse, Andrew Norman

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations


Silicon-based tandem solar cells are desirable as a high efficiency, economically viable approach to one sun or low concentration photovoltaics. We present an approach to wafer bonded III-V/Si solar cells using amorphous indium zinc oxide (IZO) as an interlayer. We investigate the impact of a heavily doped III-V contact layer on the electrical and optical properties of bonded test samples, including the predicted impact on tandem cell performance. We present economic modeling which indicates that the path to commercial viability for bonded cells includes developing low-cost III-V growth and reducing constraints on material smoothness. If these challenges can be surmounted, bonded tandems on Si can be cost-competitive with incumbent PV technologies, especially in low concentration, single axis tracking systems.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2015
Event42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: 14 Jun 201519 Jun 2015


Conference42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5J00-63601


  • III-V semiconductor materials
  • photovoltaic cells
  • silicon
  • wafer bonding


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