Influence of Pelletization and Moisture Content of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFBs) on Dynamic Gasification Performance

Carlos Valdes, Jorge Montoya, Carlos Gomez, Hernando Chaquea, M. Pecha, Farid Chejne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Wet-ground empty fruit bunches (EFBs), dry-ground EFB, and pelletized EFB were gasified in a laboratory-scale updraft fixed-bed reactor at differing temperatures and equivalent ratios (ERs) between 0.19 and 0.78 to evaluate the performance and quality of the syngas under autothermal operating conditions. In addition, the theoretical estimation of the key performance indicator of the ashes on the performance of the gasification process was obtained. The results show that for ERs > 0.4 the autothermal operating condition was achieved for pretreatments with pelletized and dry-ground EFBs, with reactor operating temperatures T > 700 °C. With wet EFB, this condition is achieved at any ER value. The average composition of the syngas from pelletized EFB presented the best average concentrations of the combustible species CO, H2, and CH4 when the ER values were between 0.25 and 0.40. The highest hot and cold thermal efficiency values were obtained for the gasification of EFB pellets with ER values between 0.25 and 0.40. For ground EFB, increases in the ER value led to improvements in hot thermal efficiency. Finally, during the EFB pellet gasification tests, no agglomeration and sintering problems were evidenced in comparison with wet-ground and dry-ground EFBs that showed slag formation, especially at ER < 0.46.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8807-8818
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2800-78895

Keywords

  • autothermal
  • empty fruit bunch
  • gasification

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