Inkjet Printed Metallizations for Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Photovoltaic Cells

Peter A. Hersh, Calvin J. Curtis, Maikel F.A.M. Van Hest, John J. Kreuder, Robert Pasquarelli, Alex Miedaner, David S. Ginley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus Citations


This study reports the inkjet printing of Ag front contacts on Aluminum doped Zinc Oxide (AZO)/intrinsic Zinc Oxide (i-ZnO)/CdS/Cu(In 1-xGax)Se2 (CIGS)/Mo thin film photovoltaic cells. The printed Ag contacts are being developed to replace the currently employed evaporated Ni/Al bi-layer contacts. Inkjet deposition conditions were optimized to reduce line resistivity and reduce contact resistance to the Al:ZnO layer. Ag lines printed at a substrate temperature of 200°C showed a line resistivity of 2.06 μÎ

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)973-976
Number of pages4
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2011

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5200-54256


  • cigs
  • contacts
  • inkjet


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