Integer Charge Transfer and Hybridization at an Organic Semiconductor/Conductive Oxide Interface

Paul Ndione, Joseph Berry, Marco Gruenewald, Laura Schirra, Paul Winget, Michael Kozlik, Ajaya Sigdel, Roman Forker, Jean-Luc Brédas, Torsten Fritz, Oliver Monti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus Citations


We investigate the prototypical hybrid interface formed between PTCDA and conductive n-doped ZnO films by means of complementary optical and electronic spectroscopic techniques. We demonstrate that shallow donors in the vicinity of the ZnO surface cause an integer charge transfer to PTCDA, which is clearly restricted to the first monolayer. By means of DFT calculations, we show that the experimental signatures of the anionic PTCDA species can be understood in terms of strong hybridization with localized states (the shallow donors) in the substrate and charge back-donation, resulting in an effectively integer charge transfer across the interface. Charge transfer is thus not merely a question of locating the Fermi level above the PTCDA electron-transport level but requires rather an atomistic understanding of the interfacial interactions. The study reveals that defect sites and dopants can have a significant influence on the specifics of interfacial coupling and thus on carrier injection or extraction.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4865-4873
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-64053


  • conductive oxide
  • organic semiconductor


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