Integrated Biorefining: Coproduction of Renewable Resol Biopolymer for Aqueous Stream Valorization

Mark Nimlos, Nolan Wilson, Calvin Mukarakate, Rui Katahira, Michael Griffin, Jessica Olstad-Thompson, Kimberly Magrini, John Dorgan, Mariel Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus Citations


Phenol-formaldehyde resins are major material classes that are used in a range of applications including composites, adhesives, foams, electronics, and insulation. While efforts have been made to produce renewable resins, there has yet to be an approach that offers potential for economic viability and meets all critical quality metrics. This failure can be attributed largely to the use of phenol and cresol homologues and to high separation costs. In this work, the use of phenol, cresol, and alkyl phenols derived from the aqueous phase generated from catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce a high-quality biobased resin is demonstrated. Production, through catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP), separation, through distillation and adsorption unit operations, and synthesis, through typical resol chemistry, produced a resin with properties, such as curing kinetics and molecular weight, competitive with petroleum-derived resin. This work explores a pathway to value-added coproducts from a CFP waste stream, which has the potential to improve the economic viability of biofuels production.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)6615-6625
Number of pages11
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number8
StatePublished - 7 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-69007


  • Biopolymer
  • Biorefining
  • Coproduct
  • Resin
  • Valorization


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