Integrating High Levels of Variable Renewable Energy into Electric Power Systems

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As more variable renewable energy (VRE) such as wind and solar are integrated into electric power systems, technical challenges arise from the need to maintain the balance between load and generation at all timescales. This paper examines the challenges with integrating ultra-high levels of VRE into electric power system, reviews a range of solutions to these challenges, and provides a description of several examples of ultra-high VRE systems that are in operation today.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, The Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-70430


  • Grid operation
  • High penetration
  • Solar
  • Variable renewable energy
  • Wind


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