Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience, Summary for Policymakers

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report

    Abstract

    Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This document summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolvewith increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. There is no one-size-fits-all approach; each country studied has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce aroundfive strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. This study also emphatically underscores the value of countries sharing their experiences. The more diverseand robust the experience base from which a country can draw, the more likely that it will be able to implement an appropriate, optimized, and system-wide approach.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages20
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2012

    Bibliographical note

    For full report, see NREL/TP-6A00-53732.

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-6A20-53730

    Keywords

    • balancing authority areas
    • flexibility
    • grid integration
    • high penetration
    • planning
    • public engagement
    • system operation
    • systems integration
    • transmission
    • variable renewable energy
    • wind

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