Integrating Variable Renewable Energy - Russia

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


To foster sustainable, low-emission development, many countries are establishing ambitious renewable energy targets for their electricity supply. Because solar and wind tend to be more variable and uncertain than conventional sources, meeting these targets will involve changes to power system planning and operations. Grid integration is the practice of developing efficient ways to deliver variable renewable energy (VRE) to the grid. Good integration methods maximize the cost-effectiveness of incorporating VRE into the power system while maintaining or increasing system stability and reliability. When considering grid integration, policy makers, regulators, and system operators consider a variety of issues, which can be organized into four broad topics: New Renewable Energy Generation, New Transmission, Increased System Flexibility, Planning for a High RE Future. This is a Russian-language translation of Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid: Key Issues, Greening the Grid, originally published in English in May 2015.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-6A20-68589


  • demand response
  • flexibility
  • Greening the Grid
  • grid
  • integration
  • planning
  • RE
  • renewable
  • strategy


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