Interarea Oscillation Damping Controls for Wind Power Plants

Mohit Singh, Alicia J. Allen, Eduard Muljadi, Vahan Gevorgian, Yingchen Zhang, Surya Santoso

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91 Scopus Citations


This paper investigates the potential for wind power plants (WPPs) to damp interarea modes. Interarea modes may be the result of a single or a group of generators oscillating against another group of generators across a weak transmission link. If poorly damped, these power system oscillations can cause system instability and potentially lead to blackouts. Power conversion devices, particularly, megawatt-scale converters that connect wind turbines and photovoltaic power plants to the grid, could be used to damp these oscillations by injecting power into the system out of phase with the potentially unstable mode. In our model, this power may be provided by a WPP. Over time, the net energy injection is near zero; therefore, providing this static damping capability is not expected to affect the energy production of a WPP. This is a measurement-based investigation that employs simulated measurement data. It is not a traditional small-signal stability analysis based on Eigenvalues and knowledge of the power system network and its components. Kundurs well-known two-area, four-generator system and a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based WPP are modeled in PSCAD/EMTDC. The WPP model is based on the Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) standard model. A controller to damp interarea oscillations is added to the WECC DFIG model, and its effects are studied. Analysis is performed on the data generated by the simulations. The sampling frequency is set to resemble the sampling frequency at which data are available from phasor measurement units in the real world. The YuleWalker algorithm is used to estimate the power spectral density of these signals.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number6901255
Pages (from-to)967-975
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2010-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-61145


  • doubly fed induction generators (DFIG)
  • electromechanical dynamics
  • inter-area oscillations
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
  • NREL
  • synchronized phasor measurements
  • two-area system


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