Investigation of Micro-Electrical Properties of Cu2ZnSnSe4 Thin Films Using Scanning Probe Microscopy

Chun Sheng Jiang, Ingrid Repins, Helio Moutinho, Kannan Ramanathan, Mowafak Al-Jassim, Carolyn Beall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus Citations


We report on a local potential and resistance mapping of Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) films using nm-resolution electrical scanning probe microscopies of scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy and scanning spreading resistance microscopy. We have conducted a comparative study with high-performance Cu2(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) film. Both CZTSe and CIGSe were deposited by co-evaporation of elements in vacuum. The results show that the microelectrical properties of the two polycrystalline materials are similar-higher potential and lower resistance on the grain boundaries (GBs) than on grain surfaces-suggesting inverted GB carrier polarity of these films. The consistent GB properties in contrast to the large difference in photovoltaic output of the two materials suggest that factors other than the GBs are responsible for the low photovoltaic output of CZTSe device.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)342-347
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-62772


  • CZTSe
  • Grain boundary
  • Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy
  • Scanning spreading resistance microscopy
  • Solar cell, thin film


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