Investigation of the Selectivity of Carrier Transport Layers in Wide‐Bandgap Perovskite Solar Cells: Article No. 2100107

Michael McGehee, Shalinee Kavadiya, Arthur Onno, Caleb Boyd, Xingyi Wang, Alexa Cetta, Zachary Holman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus Citations


Excellent contact passivation and selectivity are prerequisites to realize the full potential of high-material-quality perovskite solar cells, first to maximize the internal voltage (or quasi-Fermi-level separation) iV within the absorber, then to translate this high internal voltage into a high external voltage V. Experimental quantification of contact passivation and selectivity is, thus, key to improving device performance. Here, open-circuit measurements of iVoc and Voc, combined with surface photovoltage measurements, are used to systematically quantify the passivation—using iVoc as a metric—and the selectivity—defined as Soc=Voc/iVoc—of a range of common carrier transport layers to wide-bandgap (1.67 eV) perovskite absorbers. The resulting solar cells suffer from large voltage deficits, particularly when NiOx is used as the hole transport layer, even though it provides better passivation than its polymer-based counterparts (PTAA and PTAA/PFN). This indicates a poor selectivity of NiOx (Soc<0.81 for NiOx-based devices), whereas devices using polymer-based hole transport layers exhibit high selectivity (Soc=0.94–0.95). In agreement with recent reports, this low selectivity is attributed to the formation of an interlayer of non-perovskite material with high resistance to holes at the perovskite/NiOx interface. These measurements also imply that the selectivity of the C60-based electron transport layers is relatively good.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-80098


  • carrier transport layers
  • implied voltage
  • perovskite solar cells
  • selectivity
  • surface photovoltage


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