Iodine Electrochemistry Dictates Voltage-Induced Halide Segregation Thresholds in Mixed-Halide Perovskite Devices

Zhaojian Xu, Ross Kerner, Joseph Berry, Barry Rand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus Citations


Owing to straightforward stoichiometry–bandgap tunability, mixed-halide perovskites are ideal for many optoelectronic devices. However, unwanted halide segregation under operational conditions, including light illumination and voltage bias, restricts practical use. Additionally, the origin of voltage-induced halide segregation is still unclear. Herein, a systematic voltage threshold study in mixed bromide/iodide perovskite devices is performed and leads to observation of three distinct voltage thresholds corresponding to the doping of the hole transport material (0.7 ± 0.1 V), halide segregation (0.95 ± 0.05 V), and degradation (1.15 ± 0.05 V) for an optically stable mixed-halide perovskite composition with a low bromide content (10%). These empirical threshold voltages are minimally affected by composition until very Br-rich compositions, which reveals the dominant role of iodide/triiodide/iodine electrochemistry in voltage-induced Br/I phase separation and transport layer doping reactions in halide perovskite devices.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2203432
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number33
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-82091


  • mixed-halide perovskites
  • voltage thresholds
  • voltage-induced halide segregation


Dive into the research topics of 'Iodine Electrochemistry Dictates Voltage-Induced Halide Segregation Thresholds in Mixed-Halide Perovskite Devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this