IR Thermographic Analysis of 3D Printed CFRP Reference Samples with Back-Drilled and Embedded Defects: Article No. 59

Ahmad Mayyas, Numan Saeed, Mohammed Omar, Sultan Salem, Yusra Abdulrahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Carbon-fiber composite structures may demonstrate a defective behavior due to manufacturing induced anomalies (delamination, dis-bonds) or service related defectives (impact damage, water ingress). Thus, there is a need for a relatively fast and low cost non-intrusive testing schemes such as infrared thermography (IRT). Still, thermography testing requires calibrated samples and coupons to yield best results. The presented research demonstrates the novel use of 3D printing technology to generate IRT calibration samples. In this text, two carbon fiber reinforced polymer samples are 3D printed; the first mimics a 'back-drilled holes' type coupons, while the other is designed to embed air pockets similar to Teflon inserts. The generated samples are then tested using two IRT modalities; namely pulse thermography and lock-in thermography. Furthermore, the resulted thermograms are processed using a principle component analysis, to help highlight the variance of defectives in a consistent manner among the samples. This research findings offer insights on the variation of detectability between embedded and back-printed samples, which might be due to the inserts thickness.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-72255

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • back drilled holes
  • calibration
  • CFRP
  • composites
  • thermography

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