Issues in Bi-Directional Interoperability between BIM and BEM

Hang Li, Jiansong Zhang, Xiaorui Xue, Luciana Debs, Soowon Chang, Ming Qu, Anthony Sparkling, David Goldwasser

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations


The state-of-the-art interoperability between Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Building Energy Modeling (BEM) is mainly one-way. BEM software like EnergyPlus takes design input from BIM and simulates the energy consumption of the building. BIM, however, is unable to leverage energy simulation results from BEM smoothly. This lack of bi-directional interoperability between BIM and BEM prevents buildings from seeking more energy-efficient design options and limits BIM applications in optimal generative design. In this research, the authors have conducted the following activities related to two-way interoperability between BIM and BEM: (1) surveyed its current status through literature review, (2) investigated barriers to the bi-directional interoperability, and (3) suggested possible approaches to enable bi-directional interoperability and research outlook in the field. As a result, the authors have identified three main barriers to BIM BEM interoperability, namely, inefficient collaboration, limited scope in information transformation, and lack of BEM to BIM transformation. Future directions are suggested to address these barriers.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2022
EventConstruction Research Congress 2022: Computer Applications, Automation, and Data Analytics, CRC 2022 - Arlington, United States
Duration: 9 Mar 202212 Mar 2022


ConferenceConstruction Research Congress 2022: Computer Applications, Automation, and Data Analytics, CRC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 ASCE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5500-82945


  • building design
  • building information modeling
  • buildings
  • computer models
  • computer software
  • energy consumption
  • energy efficiency
  • field tests


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